Sawara Cypress – Chamaecyparis pisifera

Sawara Cypress – Chamaecyparis pisifera
Family Cupressaceae
Redwood, Cypress, Juniper, Arborvitae
This slow-growing conifer is highly prized in Japan as an ornamental and for building lumber.

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Sawara Cypress bark
Sawara Cypress is native to Japan, where it is grown for timber used in building construction, and is highly valued as an ornamental or specimen tree in parks and gardens.

Sawara Cypress is a slow-growing coniferous tree. The bark is red-brown, vertically fissured and stringy. The foliage is arranged in flat sprays; adult leaves are scale-like, 2 mm long, with pointed tips, green above, green below with a white stomatal band at the base of each scale-leaf. Arranged in opposite decussate pairs on the shoots. The juvenile leaves, found on young seedlings, are needle-like, bluish-green.

A large number of cultivars have been selected for garden planting, including dwarf forms, forms with yellow or blue-green leaves, and forms retaining the juvenile needle-like foliage; particularly popular juvenile foliage cultivars include 'Plumosa', 'Squarrosa' and 'Boulevard'.

Sawara Cypress

These Sawara Cypress at the Morton Arboretum are 80 years old [1]

Sawara Cypress Foliage

1. Sawara Cypress, Morton Arboretum acc. 745-27-4, photos © Bruce Marlin

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Family Cupressaceae – Redwood, Cypress, Arborvitae, Juniper
There are thirty (many monotypic) genera and 142 species in the family Cupressaceae, now widely regarded as including the Taxodiaceae, previously treated as a family. The Cupressaceae are found in the fossil record as far back as the Jurassic Period, about 210 million years ago. Cupressaceae Index | Tree Encyclopedia | Trees Index