Needle Fir – Abies holophylla

Needle Fir – Abies holophylla
Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, Fir

Often called Manchurian fir, this tree is native to Russia, China, and North Korea.

A native of Asia (temperate), this fir is a fine textured, densely branched tree with a narrow, pyramidal shape. Native: Soviet Far East: Russian Federation – Primorye .  China – Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin; Korea. The tallest known Manchurian fir, at 52 meters, is on an island off the coast of Korea [3].

Read an abstract: "Griseofulvin has been used as an antifungal antibiotic for the treatment of mycotic diseases of humans and veterinary animals. The purpose of this work was to identify a griseofulvin-producing endophytic fungus from Abies holophylla and evaluate its in vivo antifungal activity against plant pathogenic fungi." [2]

Needle Fir tree
This Morton Arboretum specimen, about 3 meters tall, was started from seed 6 years ago [4]

1. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
2. "Griseofulvin from Xylaria sp. Strain F0010, an Endophytic Fungus of Abies holophylla and its Antifungal Activity Against Plant Pathogenic Fungi"
3. The Gymnosperm Database, "Abies holophylla"
4. Morton Arboretum accession 295-93*8, "Needle fir" photographed by Bruce Marlin
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