|Hornibrook Dwarf Austrian Pine
Pinus nigra 'Hornibrookiana'
Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, Fir
After Murray Hornibrook, an authority on dwarf pines.
|'Hornibrookiana' originated from a witch's broom on an Austrian pine in New York's Seneca Park in 1932. This wonderful mounding shrub starts out as wide as it is tall, and has long, stiff, dark green needles that are retained all year, even in cold, windy climates. Its needles grow in bundles of two and are approximately two to three inches in length. The compact habit is easily maintained at the desired size, but will generally mature at two feet tall by three feet wide.
Austrian Pine grows best in full sun. Prefers moist soil with good drainage, but adaptable. Pinus nigra has a very discontinuous range, it is found in southern Europe (from the Pyrenees Peninsula to Sicily, Greece and Bulgaria), northwest Africa (Algeria and Morocco) and Asia Minor. There are several subspecies and varieties.
A number of selections are offered, including forms that are upright – e.g., â€˜Arnond Sentinalâ€™, â€˜Obeliskâ€™, compact or dwarf : â€˜Black Princeâ€™, â€˜Compactaâ€™, â€˜Hornibrookianaâ€™, â€˜Nanaâ€™, â€˜Oregon Green.' Variegated = â€˜Aureaâ€™, â€˜Stanley Gold.â€™
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