Nordmann Fir – Abies nordmanniana

Nordmann Fir – Abies nordmanniana
Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, Fir

A native of Asia Minor and the Caucasus, this fir is cold-hardy to USDA zone 3.

A native of Asia Minor and the Caucasus, Nordmann fir is a fine textured, densely branched tree with a narrow, upright shape.  Under cultivation, the Caucasian fir grows to 60 feet and 20 feet wide. It typically holds living branches to the ground.  Needles are 1 to 1.5 inches long and dark green in color.  Two white stomatal bands run on the underside of the needles. 

Upper needles are shorter and point forward.  This tree is reported to be one of the easiest firs to grow, growing on acidic, neutral to somewhat alkaline conditions, and sandy, loamy or heavier clay soils.  It can grow in full shade to full sun.  This fir prefers moist but well drained soils.  It is unknown how well it will handle Midwest summer heat.  (1)

Morton Arboretum acc. 218-53*1 – Nordmann fir from planting, is 56 years old

1. USDA ARS NC-7 Woody Ornamental Evaluation Trials – 2002 Accessions
2. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.  (GRIN)
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