|European Mountain-Ash – Sorbus latifolia
Family Rosaceae – Rose Family; Fruit Trees.
Also commonly called broad-leaf whitebeam or Service tree of Fontainbleau 
Sorbus latifolia is hybrid S. torminalis x S. aria which breeds true from seed. It was at one time thought to be a variety of Swedish Whitebeam (Sorbus intermedia), by authors A. P. de Candolle and J. C. Loudon. Synonyms include Crataegus latifolia, Pyrus decipiens, Pyrus rotundifolia, Sorbus bristoliensis, and Sorbus devoniensis .
Occasionally planted as an ornamental in North America, the tree originated in the area around Fontainbleau, France. It has been popular in the European landscape and garden tradition since the mid-18th century .
The plants of the second type belong to Section Aucuparia and include mountain ashes. Sorbus hupehensis belongs in this section. These plants have pinnate leaves, giving them a fern-like appearance; the foliage turns shades of red and yellow in autumn. In the spring, they produce clusters of cream-colored flowers, which are followed by bunches of attractive berries that are usually brilliant red, but may be white, pink, orange, or yellow. (1)
The showy white flowers appear in early summer, and the abundant orange fruit appear in summer, persisting through winter. Fruit provides palatable browse for many animals and birds, but is not suitable for human consumption, except, perhaps for various folk remedies; the plant is not toxic.(2)
The mountain ash and related species (most often the European Mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia) are sometimes referred to in folklore as "Rowan" trees, but this use has almost disappeared from the modern lexicon. The rowans were thought by the Celts and other primitive peoples of The British Isles to have magical properties.
"Mountain ash, 1804, from prowan-tree, rountreep (1548), northern English and Scottish, from a Scandinavian source (cf. O.N. reynir, Swed. Ronn "the rowan"), ultimately from the root of pred, in reference to the berries. The rowan "was the tree most often credited with protective magical powers against all effects of witchcraft, not merely in Celtic areas but throughout Britain."
1. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN
2. Allen Mitchell, John Wilkinson, "Trees of Britain and Northern Europe"
3. European Mountain-Ash, Morton Arboretum accession 614-83-1 photos by Bruce Marlin
4. University of Michigan, Native American Ethnobotany
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Family Rosaceae – Rose Family; Fruit Trees
Many of these plants are of vital economic importance, the fruit of which contain vitamins, acids, and sugars and can be used both raw and for making preserves, jam, jelly, candy, wine, brandy, cider and other beverages.
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