Red-spotted Purple Butterfly

Red-Spotted Purple Butterfly – Limenitis arthemis

Red-spotted Purple Butterfly

On a hot spring day at Castle Rock State Park near Oregon, Illinois, I came upon this somewhat-tattered red-spotted purple taking sustenance from a pile of fresh coyote scat consisting mostly of undigestible hair and sinew. She was sharing her bounty with a small green halictid bee. I believe both were imbibing via their respective proboscides what is technically called poop-water.

red-spotted purple butterfly

Red-spotted purple shares a meal of coyote scat with halictid bee

I most often find the red-spotted purple patrolling the edges of forest clearings and perching on low branches or on the ground.  RSPs obtain moisture and food from scat or moist soil or damp, soft rocks like sandstone or limestone. It is thought the RSP is a mimic of the poisonous Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor), and hence gains protection from predacious birds.

Butterfly with hitchhiker

RSP has an Halictid Hitchhiker – can you spot her?

Tiny halictid bee with a loaded pollen basket takes a momentary rest on this RSP’s wing. Food brings diverse species together!

Life Cycle: Caterpillar is humped, cream-colored, with dark-colored saddle. Two conspicuous brushlike bristles behind the head. Willows, aspens, poplars, cherry, hawthorns, apples and hornbeams are host plants. Habitat: woodlands, forests, glades and clearings, roads, paths & shorelines.

Moths Index | Moths
Butterflies Main | Butterflies Index

Tree Encyclopedia / North American Insects & Spiders

Online since 2002