|Drain Fly / Moth Fly - Clogmia albipunctata|
Family Psychodidae - Moth and Sand Flies. Also called filter fly, sewage fly, drain fly
Live adult drain flies photographed at Ogle County, Illinois. Wingspan = 3-5mm, body = 3mm
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This is one of those small dark, furry flies that reproduce in gelatinous slime that accumulates in various places such as the floor drain in your basement, or an outhouse in the woods (which is indeed one of the best places to find them). They also like to hang out on the walls of a basement shower stall or anywhere there is a neglected drain, especially one without a trap.
As you can see, adult drain flies are covered with dense pile (hair) that gives them a fuzzy appearance superficially resembling a moth - but moth's wings are covered with scales, not hairs, and moths have 4 wings instead of a fly's two. The distinctive, 13-segmented antennae are radially plumose, with whorls of hair emerging 360 degrees around the flagellomere.
This is one alien-looking son of a gun. Think of what kind of evolutionary pressures resulted in the gaudy, hairy appearance. Living as they do most often, in low-light situations, the dark coloration provides excellent cloaking camouflage - but what are the white tufts and orange patches and pink tinges all about?
I think this is a case of sexual selection: the females for whatever reason, assess their prospective suitors by their pubescence and the clarity of their wing markings - exactly as peahens or female birds of paradise choose mates based on the color and extravagance of the male's plumage (leaving aside for a moment the beauty of their hypnotic mating dance). These characteristics are thereby enhanced over the generations as females, ever susceptible to the vagaries of fashion, choose hairier and more elaborately-marked boyfriends. Sound familiar?
Of course, I'm oversimplifying. Surely there are other advantages to having a pelt. And there must be a point of diminishing returns; no female would want to be with a guy who was so hairy he couldn't fly, or so conspicuous he fell prey to a sight-based hunter such as a jumping spider or dragonfly.
Flies of North America - Order Diptera. Flies are prevalent in virtually all habitats, with over 16,000 species in North America. Flies can be distinguished from all other insects in that they only have one pair of normal wings. The other pair has evolved into small ball-like structures called halteres, thought to be used as stabilizing organs during flight. Most flies have compound eyes and mouthparts adapted for piercing, lapping or sucking fluids.
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