|Umbrella Magnolia – Magnolia tripetala|
Magnolia, with an ancient lineage, are among some of our best-loved flowering trees.
Magnolia Main | Tree Encyclopedia
|Common names: Umbrella magnolia, Umbrella-tree|
Native to: NORTHERN AMERICA
Plants in the magnolia family have the following characteristics:
Huge leaflets give this tree its common name
Magnolia bark is used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is known as houpu. The highly aromatic bark contains magnolol and honokiol, two polyphenolic compounds that have demonstrated anti-anxiety and anti-angiogenic properties. Magnolia bark also has been shown to reduce allergic and asthmatic reactions. The bark is stripped from the stems, branches, and roots. Cultivated supplies today produce most of the bark for commercial and domestic use.
1. Umbrella Magnolia, Morton Arboretum accession 1051-59-3 photos by Bruce Marlin
2. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network
3. USDA NRCS
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Magnoliaceae – Magnolia Family
The earliest flowering plants date back about 130 million years. According to Cronquist Evolution and Classification of Flowering Plants, the most primitive of all living angiosperms belong to the subclass Magnoliidae. This subclass contains several primitive plant families, including the water-lilies (Nymphaeaceae), and buttercups (Ranunculaceae). Tree Encyclopedia | Tree Index | Magnolia Main