|Japanese Red Pine (Tanyosho Pine) - Pinus densiflora|
Family Pinaceae: Pine, Cedar, Spruce, and Fir
Widely cultivated in Japan for timber, this beautiful tree inspires classical Japanese garden design.
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Japanese Red Pine can reach 35 meters (115 ft.) Needles are arranged in pairs and remain on the tree for about three years. The bark is unusually striking showing reddish-orange as it exfoliates.
The tree prefers a site with full sun and a well-drained, slightly acid soil. Heavy clay soil is not suitable. This cultivar must be grafted for propagation. There are a few cultivars: ‘Alboterminata’ - yellowish needle tips; ‘Aurea’ - yellow needles; ‘Oculis-draconis’ - Dragon’s Eye Pine - two yellow lines on needles; the pendulous, often contorted 'Pendula' and the multi-trunked 'Umbraculifera' commonly called Tanyosho pine.
This Japanese red pine was planted in 1929, shortly after the Morton Arboretum's founding.
Compare to Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), below
1. Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson, USDA Forest Service Fact Sheet ST-461 Japanese Red Pine
2. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN)
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Family Pinaceae: Pines, Cedars, Spruce, and Firs