|American Hornbeam – Carpinus caroliniana|
Family Betulaceae – Alder, Birch, Hornbeam
Grows rarely to 60 feet / Spread to 40 feet
This understory tree provides food for wildlife.
American Hornbeam originated in abandoned fields in North Carolina. It prefers wet, shaded sites and flourishes in the understory of various hardwood forests, along with witch hazel, dogwoods, serviceberries, and speckled alder. A small to medium sized tree, American hornbeam ranges across the eastern U.S. east of the Mississippi, from north Florida, to southern Maine, into Arkansas and eastern Texas.
Hornbeam is an important food source for squirrels, ruffed grouse, songbirds, ring-necked pheasants, bobwhite and turkey.