Cellar Spider  - Pholcus manueli
Family Pholcidae - Cellar and Vibrating Spiders
Live spiders photographed at DuPage County, Illinois.
Spider Index | Spider Main | Orb Web | Cobweb
Custom Search
Pholcidae Eye Arrangement
These spiders have at the back of the eye a reflective membrane called a tapetum [1]. It is this surface that aids in night vision and causes their eyes to reflect light and shine in the dark, like a cat's eyes. Most sedentary spiders have relied on their sense of touch for so long their vision is thought to be poor.
Cellar Spider  - Pholcus manueli
Leg span this specimen = about 25mm. Body length =8mm.

This large but wispy spider is commonly called the cellar spider, after its habit of living in dark, out-of-the-way places. Often confused with harvestmen in the order Opiliones,  (species epithet phalangioides = "like or resembling (genus) Phalangium") they also share another whimsical common name: daddy longlegs.

The cellar spider can be found worldwide in many situations, including outdoors. Their wisp-like coloration, translucent and nearly transparent in some aspects, this spider is adept at hiding in plain sight.

 
There is a famous old wives' tale (now internet meme) about this family of spiders (and the harvestmen as well): that their bite is the most dangerous, or their venom is the most lethal known to man. However, neither these spiders nor the harvestmen have the equipment for delivery of any but the tiniest amounts of venom, and that dangerous only to the small creatures, i.e. flies, other spiders, etc.
Cellar Spider  - Pholcus manueli
References
  1. William J. Gertsch, PhD. "American Spiders"
  2. Bugguide.net, "Longbodied Cellar Spider  - Pholcus phalangioides"
  3. Mike Boone, Lynette Schimming, Chuck Entz, Bugguide.net, "Pholcus phalangioides"
Wondering how to get that bug identified? Please see the kind folks at Bugguide.net. (North America)
North American Insects & Spiders is dedicated to macro photography of live, wild organisms in situ.
Custom Search
North American Insects & Spiders
Explore over 3,000 close-up photos and information on over 700  arthropod species commonly found in North America.  Our live insects & spiders have been photographed unposed, in the wild, at various locations in Canada, Mexico and the United States.
Spiders Index | Spiders Main | Beetles | Butterflies | Stinging Insects
© Red Planet Inc.